In Romania, the collecting and conservation of the vegetal genetic material has started at the same time with scientific breeding activity, but these activities have outlined their systemic character, oriented to genetic conservation of vegetal resources for food and agricultura simultaneously with establishing the Suceava Genebank. Under dr. ing. Mihai Cristea's lead, the design of the genebank has started in 1982, and the building has begun in 1985, the project being done following a solid documentation in a couple of modern genebanks for that time. The construction has been developed in two stages: in 1987 the laboratories have been built, and in 1988 the conservation cells have been built as well.
During 1987-1990, the genebank has run like a specialized laboratory in the field of plant genetic resources, in the frame of Suceava Agricultural Research-Development Station.
Due to the Decision no. 371/1990 issued by the Government of Romania, the Vegetal Genetic Resources Bank of Suceava has become a self-standing public institution, with bank account, having national character. Its mandate, specific to most worlwide genebanks, being exploring, collecting, evaluation and conservation of vegetal genetic resources, fully financed from the national budget and directly coordonated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development.
Starting with December 9th. 2009, when HG 1433/2009 has been published in Monitorul Oficial 857, the Suceava Vegetal Genetic Resources has been merged with the Central Laboratory for Quality of Seeds and Seedling Material Bucharest.